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History of sunuwar kirant and their culture

” History of sunuwar kirant and their culture “

By Chandra Prakash Sunuwar
Dhobighat, Lalitpur, Kathmandu
Email: cpsunuwar@hotmail.com

PREHISTORY NEPAL
According to Sanskrit literature and mythology, Kathmandu valley was huge lake where Naga used to live. Legend has it that the Kathmandu valley was once a large lake surrounded by mountains. It was known as Nag Hirat(Tank of serpents). As Nagas or magical snake beings were said to guard treasure lying at the bottom of the lake. There was no human habitats, around the hill of valley Kiranti hunter used to hunt. According to Mahavarata lord Siva himself went to Nepal disguising himself as Kirant hunter and hunting in Kathmandu hill later lord Manju Shree came to Kathmandu from China-Tibet. He saw god Mahadeva meditating on lotus of Kathmandu lake so he worship and greet Mahadeva and cut the Chovar hill to pass the water. When all water passed through Chovar Hill, Gopal and Mahispal people came to settle and rule. Neolithic tools found in the Kathmandu Valley indicate that people have been living in the Himalayan region for at least 9,000 years. It appears that a people who were probably of Tibeto-Burman Kiranti. They were living and hunting since ancient time in valley which is mentioned in most of the ancient Hindu literature including kiranti chronicle, mythology and folklore. Though very little is known about the early history of Nepal, legends and documented references, like the following, reach back to the first millennium BCE:


The epic Ramayana, which dates from an era before the Mahabharata, states that Mithila, currently known as Janakpur in Nepal, is the birth place of goddess Sitaand there is Siva Dhanus(Bow of lord Siva) still we can see in temple of Dhanusha which the story of Dhanusha is mentioned in Ramayana. Also, the presence of historical sites, e.g. Valmiki(kirant)Ashram, indicates the presence of Sanatana(eternal) Hindu culture in Nepal at that period and also that time Nepal used to call Kirant Deshe.
The epic Mahabharatamentions the Kiratas among the inhabitants of Nepal. Kirati king Yalamber had the dubious honour of being slain in the battle of the Mahabharata, in which gods and mortals fought alongside each other. Legend credits him with meeting Indra, the lord of heaven, who ventured into the Valley in human guise. One of the very famous kirant king Bhagadatta son of Narkasura of Pragjyotishapur(Assam) took Kuruchetra war and formed two very mighty battalion of Cinas and Kiratas. Battalion of yellow race. Another Tripuri Kiranti king Trilochana is also seems taking part of this mythological war. Apart from that there is uncountable Kirant kings were seems taking part in war which we can’t mention all of those you can see in my another article we kirant mongol race. They were also mentioned in Ramayana in Ajodhya Kanda’s Sarga 15 section, with their hair tied up in knots, shining like gold and pleasant to look upon, bold enough to move under water, terrible, veritable tiger-men. According to ancient Sanskrit literature not only Nepal but all country of Himalayan range belongs to Kirant territories.
According to some of the chronicles the successors of Nepal sage the Gopalcow herd family whose names often end in Gupta and are said to have ruled for some 491 years but Wright, a British Surgeon in British Residence, writes that eight Gopala rulers ruled this kingdom for 521 years. Their First king was Bhuktaman. They are said to have been followed by the “Buffalo-herder Dynasty”, established by an Indian Rajputnamed Bhul Singh but according to many historian they were not Indian Rajput but another group of Kirata or local mongoloid people because that time Aryan migration was not happened. Aryan migration only happen very late time of Nepalese history. They might be present day of Newars who were pure mongoloid kirata in past but after century’s of inter-culturizations make them mixed race. Still they are given name according to their job like who do the job of Tama(copper) are called Tamrakar, same thing who work in paddy field are called Jyapu. Another mongoloid people still live around Kathmandu who are called Gopali and they claim they were descendant of Gopal dynasty. Same thing there is Sing surname in Newar clan they might be Mahispal Sings. The Name of the magical or Ahir dynasty kings were Basa Simha, Jayamati Ayamati Simha, Bhuban Simha etc.
Inscriptions found on archaeological stoneworks, which list mostly the dates and commissioners of these constructions, also communicate royal edicts, religious Mantras or historical notes sometimes and, through the corroboration of local myths with such evidence is available as valuable for history of Nepal. The first inscription with the name of the king Mandeva and date 386 (464 c) was found in front of the Temple of Changunarayan near Bhaktapur. The name of four kings as Brishadeva, Shankaradeva, Dharmadeva and Mandeva are inscribed in the pillar inscription of Changunarayan. A people prior to the Licchavihave been identified, known as Kirata.
Kirant period
Nepal ‘s recorded history began with the kirantis, who arrived in the 7th or 8th century BCE from the east where they used lived around Yollung River nearby Dudh Koshi at that time. They were doughty warriors, deft archers, hunters and very famous for art of warfare and also very good sheep farmers and fondness of liquor, carrying long knives Khukuri. The Kirants ruled for about 1225 years (800 BCE-300 CE), their reign had a total of 29 kings during that time but according to Kiranti chronicle there is 34 Kiranti kings. Many different scholar have different opinion about their period of ruling but most of them firmly believed that Kirant dynasty ruled Nepal from 3102 B.C. to 7th century A.D. and after that around 3rd century A.D (250 A.D.), Licchavi or Lichchhavis dynasty finally took over civilization of Kathmandu valley-Chronological history of Nepal recorded that Gautama Buddha visited Kathmandu valley during the reign of Kiranti king Jitadasti. He was the 7th dynasty of Yalamber; Yalamber established his kingdom around 3102 B.C. Their first and best remembered king was Yalamber, who finds a reference in the epic Mahabharata. Kiranti are Mongoloid race. Northern part of Nepal and India including Sikkim, Bhutan, Kumaon, Indus civilization and Assam were the cradle of their civilization. They were also known at that time as northern mountaineers or ranger of jungle because of their dwelling in the nook and corners of the hills and mountain. Expert says they were also original tribes in Deccan plateau of India. Historians have agreed that there were 29 rulers of the Kirant dynasty. They were:
(1) Yalambar, (2) Pari, (3) Skandhar, (4) Balamba, (5) Hriti, (6) Humati, (7) Jitedasti, (8) Galinja, (9) Oysgja, (10) Suyarma, (11) Papa, (12) Bunka, (13) Swawnanda, (14) Sthunko, (15) Jinghri, (16) Nane, (17) Luka, (18) Thor, (19) Thoko, (20) Verma, (21) Guja, (22) Pushkar, (23) Keshu, (24) Suja, (25) Sansa, (26) Gunam, (27) Khimbu, (28) Patuka, (29) Gasti.
Later, Asoka the famous Mauryan ruler of India visited Kathmandu valley in 3rd century B.C. (250 BC) during the reign of 14th king of Kirant dynasty-Sthunko. At that time Nepal was known as Kirati Desa(land of Kirat ). The history have recorded that Asoka visited Kathmandu valley including Lumbini, birthplace of Gautam Buddha. He visited because of its famous reputation as sacred place. He left unmistakable footprint by marrying his daughter Charumati to Devapala Kirant. A former town of Devpatan near Pasupatinath is formed in his memory by Charumati and later she built Charumati Vihar in Chabahil near Gokarna forest. Gorkarna used to be the capital of Kiranti kings though due to political condition of that time the capital was often shifted around. Asoka built four Stupas at four points in Patan. During the time when he visited the valley Buddhism had already flourished. Licchavi had their capital at Godavari at the foot of Pulchauki Danda(Hill). When last kirant king Gasti was defeated then glory of Kirant era in Kathmandu valley is gone but they regrouped and formed another mighty Kiranti kingdom in Banepa. It had boarder from Sanga Bhanjyang kathmandu west to Sikkim in east. This kingdom remain till twenty years but later divided into three Kirant kingdom with the different kings. They were Wallo kirant, Majh kirant, Pallo kirant.
(1) Wallo kirant means Sunuwar, (2) Majh kirant means Rai, and (3) Pallo kirant means Limbu
Among them wallo Kirant had boarder from Sanga Bhanyang west kathmandu to Dudh Koshi in east. First king of wallo kirant was king Binicha. He was such mighty king and had power of wishful death only. According to myth he had hidden Tupi(long hair in middle of the head) without cutting this he would not die this was his secrecy and famous for magic and art of warfare. He was master of medicine known as medicine Guru and such fierce fighter of Budi Milu(sword). According to myth still Binicha king and queen wander around kirant land Bhuji Kotgaun and Bindra Ban(Tambe jungle). Then after other kings and queens were as follows.
(1) Mafai Rani Mafai Raja, (2) Golma Rani Golma Raja, (3) Chuphai Rani Chuphai Raja, (4) Kalo Rani Kalo Raja, (5) Hupin Rani Hupin Raja, (6) Thaku Rani Thaku Raja, (7) Gosai Rani Gosai Raja, (8) Naisa Rani Naisa Raja, (9) Chai Rani Chai Raja, (10) Kuse Rani Kuse Raja, (11) Dewla Rani Dewla Raja, (12) Thadi Rani Thadi Raja, (13) Falsi Rani Falsi Raja, etc.
Still Sunuwar kiranti people worship all of their kings which is mentioned by Nakso, Paibo, Gyaymi, and Mundum. Unfortunetly all of the related kiranti document has been destroyed by past regime of Nepal in purpose of destroying all the kiranti history and they lost their majesty. But fortunately still we have fort, temple and palace of wallo kiranti which couldn’t destroy by our enemy. I would like to mention about two of our kiranti kings temple which is still survived as fossils and worshiped by kirantis.
Kalo Hopo
There is temple of Hupin Kalo Hopo or Kalo Raja and Kalo Rani Sunuwar kiranti king and queen in Bhuji. He was one of the greatest legendary successor king after king Binicha who had kingdom in Bhuji Kotgaun in Ramchap district. Every day Sunuwar kiranti devotee and other races as well go to worship in temple Kalo Hopo for blessing. He was king during the Malla era who were ruling in Kathmandu Valley. Wallo kiranti Sunuwar had fears battle with the Malla king who came to attack wallo kirant and build palace in Dolakha. Still there is many many wallo kiranti fort, graveyard and palace which I mentioned in my another article “we kirant mongol race”. Still there is myth and folklore how wallo kiranti Sunuwar repeal the attack from Malla king. Still there is talked among people how Sunuwar kiranti fired the gun from Namdu to Dolakha and laid trap and killing Mallas shooting arrows beyond Tama koshi river so Malla couldn’t cross the border line from Tama Koshi. That’s why it is mentioned in history Malla had only boarder till Tamakoshi in east. Population of Sunuwar kiranti seems least than Rai and Limbu but they were remain as boarder or shield of kiranti region because without winning the wallo kirant you can’t go to majh kirant and pallo kirant so these two kirant majh kirant and pallo kirant always remain untouched. When the Sunuwar kiranti died in battle they used to bring in special place for soldier to burry present day of Chyane which is in Dolakha district purely inhabitant by the Sunuwar kiranti. Still Sunuwar people of Chyane worship for their dead spirit burning many different essence like Sundhupi, Chenchen dhupi, Koro dupi and offer Trisul in nowadays place is called Trisule which is not far from Chyane, etc. There is say ancient wallo kirant buried their precious treasure(Gaddhan) in Dev Gaira in Rasnalu in Ramechhap district. This place is fully covered by huge rocks and rubbles people believe which is guarding by huge Kali Naga(black snake). Still there is festival happen in month of July in night. This Sunuwar king and queen Kalo Rani Kalo Raja are worshiped in time of full moon. It’s very difficult to make him happy so he is offered with the crown made by the gold and silver. Many different type and colour of clothes, Jama, Pagari, Khukuri, Sword, bow and arrow, many different type of precious ornaments like diamond, coral and pearl including trident and bell made by copper if possible. He is also offered sacrifice of cock, hen, pegion, eggs many different type of delicious royal food and for Kalo Rani need many different kind of ornaments, perfume, essence and clothes. If they are happy then all kiranti land become safe, peace and rich. You get proper partner for marriage and will blessed birth of son and daughter whatever you wish. Number of domestic animal will be increase in their number. This is what the Sunuwar kiranti devotee believe. Many historian believed ancient kirant which is directly descendant of Yalamber went to live in between Sunkoshi and Dudh koshi which is clearly land of wallo kiranti Sunuwar. Bahing Rai, Sunuwar and Rumdali Rai were same clan in past because they have more than 90% similar in their language and culture.
Chai Hopo
Chai is another wallo kiranti king he is known as Hopo Sikari Chai. Hopo means king in Sunuwar language. He has temple in top of the hill named Tambe surrounded by dence forest. Every year in month of July there is huge festival happen. Many people go to worship this Sunuwar king. He was hunter as well so he shoot the arrow and lay trap and put Liso(a kind of glue made from local plant named Kel) in purpose of trapping the birds) in eye of people if they show disrespect in jungle and kirant land so if people became sick of eye they worship and offer white and red colour of cock, many different colourful clothes, Trisul and Ghanta(trident and bell) to this Sunuwar king Sikari Chai Hopo. It is believed he is guarding the gold, copper, iron, animal and jungle of Tambe Hill. This Tambe is very rich for mineral and wild animals. He considered eye of Sunuwar kiranti land as well so his temple is on top of the hill so he can see any enemy coming towards kiranti land in intention of invading then enemy will be punished with making blind. He used to ruled in Bhuji Kotgaun so far this is mythological and archaeological place of Sunuwar kings if we go through proper research.
Kiranti Sunuwar culture and their tradition
Sunuwar kirant are called Duwal Bandhi Sikari that means Hunter and guardians of jungles and earth so these Sunuwar people mostly offer sacrifice for their deity. They are Bali Pujak.
Folsyandar or Chandi Puja
The Sunuwar Kirat follow Kirat Mundhum or Mukdum. Their holy book is the Mundhum also known as the Kirat Veda. Kirant Mundhum is normally orally practice because this is consider very holy like secret Mantras. Mundhum mention how the universe and creatures created by god. Kirat Sunuwar people worship nature and ancestors, animism and shamanism, believing in a their primeval ancestors, Chandi Devi. Some other names for festival Folsyandar by other kiranti clan like Rai, Limbu, and Yakkha which they say Sakela, Sakle, Toshi, Sakewa, Saleladi Bhunmidev, Chyabrung, Yokwa.
Folsyandar is greatest Sunuwar kiranti religion and they celebrate with great enthusiast gathering all together. They worship since morning, clean the houses, prepare many different kind of delicious Sunuwari food and delight like Chamre, Ayeri, Kudha, Lopsyo Simi, Gormali, Auphu Babar, Auphu walsyo, Fulaura, Syoble, Jilil Chirs Syoble, Walsyo Rebe, Sor Wank, Jirma Syam, etc.
They have two main festivals: Folsyandar Uvauli, during plantation season; and Folsyandar Udhauli, in the time of the harvest. In another word this festival celebrate in time of Ubhauli during Baisakh (April/May), as it is the start of farming and cultivation time. It is celebrated for 15 days which starts from Baisakh Purnima and Folsyandar Udhauli celebrate during the Mangshir (Nov/Dec) as thanks giving to nature for providing them with good crops, as it is the time for harvesting. Therefore, the festival is also known as “Bhumi Puja”. They copy and try to perform graceful dance of all animal of earth even the trees and wind how it flow but many of these are disappeared. The very famous Chandi dances are, (1) Kasya Sil (porcupine dance), (2) Ramb Dwacha Sil (Buffalo dance),(3) Dhobni Chib Sil (Dhobini Chari dance), (4) Killo Sil (Chanchar chara dance),(5) Mundhum Salak Sil,(6) Wan Sil (Bhalu dance),(7) Naso Khi Gatik Sil,(8) Lan Gacha Sil, (9) Deswali Sil, (10) Myasyo Sil,(11) Jasi Dhukum Sil,(12) Aum Dhobni Sil,(13) Suro Gaso Chacha Sil, etc
During the Chandi dance Dholes dance with being circle, in centre of pole there is Sundhukur(golden dove) tied up it’s legs with the upside down. It’s neck would be cut and turn off the skin and bring down to the bottom of neck without killing. According to Mundhum they are punishing it because it was gift given by Chandi Devi for her devotee Kirat but it disappear later when kirata brother quarrel themselves who to take in time of migration in different way. Till this Sun Dhukur remain the Kirata never gonna be poor when he disappear kirata start to loose everything their kingdom, weath, respect, glory, etc. so they are punishing him symbolising Sun Dhukur.
When they dance use to beat Dhol in sixteen different way in different time and there is too many different type of Dhol as well like; (1) Syari dhol, (2) Foka dhol, (3) Wash dhol, (4) Pothi dhol, (5) Bhale dhol, (6) Naso dhol, (7) Shiri dhol, (8) Giri dhol, (9) Syanma dhol, (10) Basyeri dhol, (11) Khayer dhol, (12) Suri dhol, (13) Maulo dhol and many more.
This Sunuwar kiranti are not only brave, rich in culture and tradition they are also world famous for welcoming the guest. If anyone stranger is going to see Chandi and he is taking part every Sunuwar person they ready to invite them as guest to join in their feast and drink. Actually it sounds folk tale but this is real exist. Every customer is surprised with their kindness and genereoucity. They view customer as divine presence.
Surom Puja
Surom is goddess of crops, paddy and all foods she is like Laxmi. They are sixteen sister Surom goddess who are protecting all crops. If they are happy you can harvest much crops and your treasure of food always full. If Surom is not happy then you will be poor there is no money and food in your house. They are also guardians of your crops and treasury of food. They detect the thief and punish them. Their names are as follows;
(1) Khome Surom, (2) Dewa Surom, (3) Egi Surom, (4) Kelo Surom, (5) Melo Surom, (6) Nadi Surom, (7) Padi Surom, (8) Likhacho Surom, (9) Kuli Surom, (10) Muli Surom, (11) Thangra Surom, (12) Daini Surom, (13) Dabla Surom, (14) Duma Surom, (15) Badem Surom, (16) Kothe Surom
Nimlo Puja
Nimlo is god of fruits. If you worship Nimlo your fruits farming will grow and you can be benefited harvesting plenty of fruits. They are also sixteen brothers who guard the fruits tree.
Gil Puja
This is very ancient and expensive religion so this one is dead or disappeared. This is like Koti Hom Puja you have to sacrifice 360 animals of earth and all type of grains and essence. This one is not only expensive but also horrified because of flow of blood of animals. In past it used to long last more then 6 months. You can’t do by yourself has to be done by community. This ancient religion of kirata was stolen by Aryan and put in their Vedic Hindu fold so they start to say Koti Hom actually Koti Hom or Bali Puja Bidhi was kiranti Bidhi(way).
Sed Puja
Sed is Naga or serpent king which they guard the Sunuwar kiranti house sitting by the door. This Sed is white colour of gigantic snake who lived by the door with coiling, Mundhum Pujari(Naso), Paibo, Gyaymi, Baidang, Lama and Aghori Baba can easily see when they come in house. He is guardian of house and temple and he save from the drought happening in country.
Fush Puja
This is god of fire you have to respect in kitchen when you cook, shoudn’t have to do dirty, piss and spit on fire. If you worship Fush god then your home and family would be always safe and happy there is no fire caught otherwise he will bring pain on your eye, body and domestic animals. Ancient time kirata worship Fush(Agni) before they make their bow and arrow by the help of Fush Dev it will be mighty, accurate and you will win the battle. Ancient Sunuwar kirant when they make bow and arrow they treat this as special ceremony and worship many kiranti god. They used to make from too many different type of Bamboo for different part like Taru Bans, Gopa Bans, etc. They used to apply different type of bone, horn and glue to support bow so it won’t be loose and break in the time of using. Kiranti were Guru of bamboo they used to make everything from this like eating bowl, drinking bowl, etc. Bamboo is called oriental dream. Bamboo and oriental people are inseparable like Chinese, Japanese, Vietnamese and Korean they have question what the bamboo can’t do? Instead of question what can you do by bamboo. It can clearly proved kiranti and oriental people were same in past.

Chegu Puja
Chegu puja is one of the most important worship which is done during November and December invoking Yabre Gubre (dead ancienster) and other deity. This puja is done for peace of their ancestors spirit who are sheltering in temple, monasteries, someone’s houses without going proper destination haven and asking for blessing of good life. They prepared Tormas rice cones and lots of newly prepared wine from rice, millet, barley, wheet and corn. Sunuwar Nakso, Poibo and Gyaymi took part in ceremony. The ceremony begins with burning essence and the word Pwank-Pwank-Pwank created by joining two leaps and start to say Sang-Sang-Sang-Sangso Chuplo Hopo, Duplo Hopo, and so on.
Apart from that Sunuwar worship many other festival and deity like; Sagun puja, Kansh puja, Chegu Puja, Fush Puja, Waash Lacha, Phache Gyaimi, Dash Gyaimi, Aita Bare Dhamini Dhami, Nak Debi Puja, Ghari Bhume Puja, Toshi Puja, Sime Bhume Puja, Naugi Puja, Meselmi Puja, Ragin Gyami Puja, Basu Puja, Gijo Pija, Phol Puja, Sida Puja, Kati Gyami Puja, Podesh Puja, Wash Thelu Puja, Kalpip Puja, Ras Nash Puja, Yabre Puja, Basu Puja, etc.
When they kill the pig specially in Dashai festival. They must call for Nakso Sunuwar kiranti priest who process all ceremony you can’t just kill by yourself. First Nakso spray rice saying some sacred Mantras because according to myth in very beginning of earth no body human being could kill the wild boar so one kirata hunter worship mother goddess of earth and he release arrow fortunately wild board fall down and died so since then they worship their ancestor in special ceremony when they want to kill pig. Then Nakso kill pig with long Nakso knife other people have no allowed to touch that knife. When they kill pig then they separate all of their different organs like Ghati ko Mala (neck part of meat) cut around whole in two pieces same thing tail part in three strip because there is all different type of Yabres (ancestor) who eat different part of organs like some eat eye, some eat tail and many different parts have their own owner. They cooked all of these including liver, heart, langue and blood in huge bowl is called Karahi. They prepare very nice Tin pane Raksi(wine) as well. Nakso ready for worship he lay 360 Sapsi Safa(a kind of holy leaf) and he put all those meat on it. Cooked whole head and big bowl of just prepared hot wine sit on middle of Safa then Nakso start ceremony saying sacred word Sang Sang Sang Sangso. This is quite similar with Chinese tradition when they worship their ancestor they as well offer whole cooked pig meat on them. Nakso is not normal priest like Aryan priest he is full of spiritual power like when the Nakso and Gyaymi, Poibo have sometime spiritual battle then always Nakso win if Poibo or Gyaymi is not Janda(very powerful). When they do spiritual battle Nakso start to lay Sapsi Safa(sacred leaf use by Nakso) and take him/her in unknown destination he/she only can see Sapsi Safa and walk on it but underneath there is Rakta Kunda(lake of blood) so Poibo and Gyaymi couldn’t come out without the help of other Nakso. He can take their soul in Suri Dhoka(unknown dark room) and make captive. Same thing he launch too many Ban(arrow) one of those is Duma Ban arrow from porcupine’s throne it comes with spinning, deadly and such swift it goes through the heart of Poibo or Gyaymi so they will die on spot where they are dancing or walking. If the Poibo or Gyaymi is powerful then still they have to show another Taro(target) to divert it like either someone other or their own children, family or relatives so to Tussle with the Nakso is very risky and dangerous for them. Technically they are enemy to each other for their spiritual power. There is too many different kind of Nakso like Mundhum Nakso, Suri Nakso, Auphu Nakso, Phoka Nakso, etc.
Sunuwar kirant people lived in wallo kirant specially in Bank of Sunkosi, Khimti, Likhu, Yolung, Malung and Solung and almost all eastern nepal scattering in little number apart from there they also live in many different part of India like Sikkim, Darjeeling, Nagaland, Deharadun and Silang and also they live in Burma, Fiji and Hong Kong and United kingdom recently. Also they live in western Nepal in very little number in Makwanpur area like Tistung, Chitlang, Khaplung, Vimphedi, Nibuwatar, Dhingan, Phaparbari, Dhiyal, Chatiban and Hetauda. According to history First of all the name of Surmadan Sunuwar Jijicha from Rasnalu went there to settle down around 150 years ago.
Their clans names
(1) Mulicha, (2) kormocha, (3) Sokucha, (4) Rapacha, (5) Laspacha, (6) kamacha, (7) yata, (8) Bujicha, (9) Rupacha, (10) Durbicha, (11) Jijicha, (12) Deppacha, (13) phaticha, (14) syusyucha, (15) syochul, (16) Katicha, (17) Nomlicha, (18) Linocha, (19) kyuiticha, (20) Digarcha, (21)Kyompaticha, (22) Wangde, (23) Bigyacha, (24) Thangracha, (25) Dashucha, (26) Gongrocha, (27) Bramlicha, (28) Lokucha, (29) Jespucha, (30) Rawacha, (31) Jyaticha, (32) Blache, (33) Binicha, (34) Yelungcha, and other many more.
Sunuwar kiranti they buried their death body as tradition but nowadays they cremated their body as well because they came in influence of Hindu culture which they got Bahun Bachi from king Girvan Yuddha on the Nepalese year 1882 BS, Magh 3 Gate. They are also called Jimi and Mukhiya as well.

Their occupation.
In one word kiranti Sunuwar’s occupation, features, tradition can be describe saying like;
Job – Warrior
Family – Tiger
Color – Golden yellow
Sacres weapon – Bow and arrow, arrow, Khukuri, Trisul(which they used as spear this one is more convenient then spear because it can lock the opponents weapon during battle. This is not only offensive but defensive as well hence kiranteswore Mahadeva seems carrying giant Trisul.)
Sacred flower – Totola
Sacred colour – White
As being warrior race they go to join in British Gurkha Army, Indian Gurkha Army primarily if they fail then at least try to join in Nepalese Army but nowadays there is window of opportunity for employment in foreign country so they try to go to Japan, Korea, European country and other developed country for earning. Of course they do farming as well, as being Jimi land lord. Kiranti people were certainly oldest people in earth so there is no doubt first they were the owner of land and earth. They used to hunt and gather food since beginning of earth. They have great respect on nature and they treat accordingly. Aryan people trapped them in their conspiracy so nowadays they are being kick out from their own mother land. They are using too many dirty policy to capture indigenous tribal land. Chetri and Bramhin came as refugee in Nepal so start to settle wherever they get land from Tarai to Himal. They are getting majority in their number but we are in minority this tradition is still keep going on. Specially, they are holding governmental position since 200 years when Shah dynasty came in power. They are the authority of Nepal and their foreign policy is not balance. Northern boarder with China they restrict when there is only four Naka(transit) very small in number because they are mongoloid origin but contrary in southern boarder with India they open no need visa all land is flat everywhere is open boarder no wired fences still more then 16 Nakas(transit) where the official work happen in boarder so millions of Aryan migration is happening everyday and we mongoloid kiranti are being minority and endanger of disappear. We can’t relax and enjoy such vast open boarder because Nepal is too small and India is too big they can swallow our identity. Nepal kirant Deshe was so beautiful and people were so nice and simple like natural water such clean and peace so many Aryan people from India came for to seek peace that’s why it is called in Sanskrit the land of solitary meditation and penance(Tapovan), Land of Truth(Satyawati), the ladder of salvation(Muktisopan) by this Aryan people. They pretended they came for meditate in search of freedom we gave them shelter but later killed their own owner. Kiranti mongoloid people their number is always decreasing due to many reason. They were died more than 30 Thousands only in first and second world wars. How many they died in Indian wars, war with Rana regime and too many other wars which was putting trap by this Hindu government in purpose of how to decrease their number in past. If there is demon and human lived together what do you think human will survive no doubt answer is clear the word ‘NO’. How long we indigenous people of Nepal gonna be in deep sleep like Kumbha Karna. We must fight for our right and motherland otherwise our future descendant will curse us.
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41 Responses to “History of sunuwar kirant and their culture”

  • Dear CP and Kiranti-Kõits people,

    I’m reading CP since 2007. During these years I’ve been advising him to ponder and research our people’s root (history) in our mother tongue and in Poibo/Gyami Mulkem (culture) as well not alone in Hindu scriptures. At that moment, he responded me that there’s nothing in our language and Lal Rapacha is not a historian.

    Now again he has repeated the same old and odd stuffs which I saw before. The Sanskritized term Kirant or Kirat is originally Oirat. Now start researching our root from this Oirat terminology.

    There are so many sloppy facts and misspellings in this write up, e.g. CP is in London and he always mentions— Dhobitghat, Lalitpur. Yelungcha (sic) is not Kõits clanonym. Actually, it is ‘Yalungchha’ of Kiranti-Rodung from the central Kirant. Many of our clanonyms have been misspelt and only some have been mentioned out of 51. You people can read the whole books on my Facebook Wall. Just try.

    Where did this knowledge come from? What is its source? And this writing and knowledge must be contested academically in order to make it readable and valid.

    Finally, CP always in him emails to me claims that he is the founder of Yalamba Thotse (Yele Sambat 5070). Then, he should be in that recent movements of Yalamba Thotse Recognition in Kathmandu if he is at Dhobighat, Lalitpur or if he is that founder, it should be CP Sunuwar in place of Tankaram Sunuwar’s name which I’ve seen quite often.

    Therefore, I request you people to check the reliability of any write ups in any language before uploading in any of our homepage. Otherwise, it’ll be a messy thing as some of our seniors made a blunder of Bhimawati and Suryabanshi genealogy.

    Just be careful. All the best.

    Dr Lal-Shyãkarelu Rapacha
    University of Leipzig
    Deutschland
    EU

  • Dear CP and Kiranti-Kõits people,

    I’ve been reading CP since 2007. During these years I’ve been advising him to ponder and research our people’s root (history) in our mother tongue and in Poibo/Gyami Mulkem (culture) as well not alone in Hindu scriptures. At that moment, he responded me that there’s nothing in our language and Lal Rapacha is not a historian.

    Now again he has repeated the same old and odd stuffs which I saw before. The Sanskritized term Kirant or Kirat is originally Oirat. Now start researching our root from this Oirat terminology.

    There are so many sloppy facts and misspellings in this write up, e.g. CP is in London and he always mentions— Dhobitghat, Lalitpur. Yelungcha (sic) is not Kõits clanonym. Actually, it is ‘Yalungchha’ of Kiranti-Rodung from the central Kirant. Many of our clanonyms have been misspelt and only some have been mentioned out of 51. You people can read the whole books on my Facebook Wall. Just try.

    Where did this knowledge come from? What is its source? And this writing and knowledge must be contested academically in order to make it readable and valid.

    Finally, CP always in him emails to me claims that he is the founder of Yalamba Thotse (Yele Sambat 5070). Then, he should be in that recent movements of Yalamba Thotse Recognition in Kathmandu if he is at Dhobighat, Lalitpur or if he is that founder, it should be CP Sunuwar in place of Tankaram Sunuwar’s name which I’ve seen quite often.

    Therefore, I request you people to check the reliability of any write ups in any language before uploading in any of our homepage. Otherwise, it’ll be a messy thing as some of our seniors made a blunder of Bhimawati and Suryabanshi genealogy.

    Just be careful. All the best.

    Dr Lal-Shyãkarelu Rapacha
    University of Leipzig
    Deutschland
    EU

  • chandra:

    Hello rapacha sir,
    Then can you tell me who is founder of yele sambat,do you have power and knowledge,What do you know about histry you children?So the Tanka is representing is that mean he is founder of yele sambat?Don’t show me your jealous face,All the people know who are you.

  • Kormoch:

    Great interaction & discussion!

  • Dear CP,

    Yeah, yeah…I’m a curious investigator of history if not a historian in your sense of the concept ‘history’.

    See, you’ll read its founder as Prof Dr Jagadishchandra Regmi tomorrow in history. At that time you’ll remember me what I was talking about. That’s what I’ve seen and found via research.

    No. Never. I’m never jealous about your knowledge of history. Read Alexander Pope’s “Essay on Criticism’ first. Then, weight yourself for finding out your own weight.

    Then, try to validate your arguments what you’re talking about in the world of academia of Prof Dr Jagadishchandra Regmi not me.

    I’ve known for three years who you are. And now Prof Dr Jagadishchandra Regmi must know who actually you are. This is what I meant but not jealousy.

    Wishing you all the best.

    Dr Lal-Shyãkarelu Rapacha
    University of Leipzig
    Deutschland
    EU

  • chandra:

    Haa Haa jagadish chandra regmi is founder of yele sambat?You stupid how did you reaserch,Jagadish regmi and this yele tangbe,yele dong born just yesterday Specially jagadish chandra and bairagi kaila on year 2009 what do you know else?Even they never mention yele sambat just used to say yele tangbe never heard this word.When i publish my article saying yele sambat in 2005 they start to copy and now for everybody the word yele sambat only available not yele tangbe not yele dong.i was founder almost 16 years ago how many time i told you donkey mind,Sunuwar sewa samaj of nepal formally dicleared on date 2052 as new year and celebrating continiously,I was the announcer of that day.That time your jagadish chandra regmi,bairagi kaila were even didn’t heard this holy name yele sambat.What do you know about me if you really like to know who is founder of yele sambat then speak with the Tikaram mulicha section officer who is really really icon of sunuwar not BHADUWA LIKE YOU AND JATTI CHALAYO UTTINAI GU KO GANDHA.This is nepalese proverb and i can’t talk with you anymore don’t try to disturb me because MURKHA KO OKHATI NAI HUDAINA BARU KWA KWA RUYERA GURU BHETI THAPA.

  • prakash sunuwar:

    ammmamammmaaa
    lalu ji,
    eso garumna aba.
    aafu bhanda arule lekheko/ racheko/ khojeko/ patta laeko/ anusandhaan gareko/ padeko/ bujeko/ suneko/ conversation gareko/ manau sampurna existing bhako kurolai sakaratmak hisabma swikarna sake dherai ramro hune chha. Hami agadi badna nasakeko kuro ko mul churo yahi ho. Padelekhera arulai ZERO samjhanu hamro galat dharana ho, tara maile prithiwinarayan shah Budhis thiyo bhannu mero murkhata hunchha tapai sunuwar lai chinese banauna chanhanuhunchha bhane tyo hamro galti hunchha. chandra ji lekhma pani dherai satyata huna sakchha tapailai pani dhera bidwaan maannu parchha tara yasari aruko existance lai nai dhwasta garauna khojnu galat process ho ki ?

    koinch ma jamma 11% le slc, 7% le inter, 0.2 % le Bachelor, 0.002 % le MAster ani Phd ta tapai le matrai hola gareko ! estai ho bhane aba banki ka pratisat haruta churlummai gundruk ko jholma dubne bho ni.

    please esori gundruk ko jhol ma chi …. nafalum ki ?

    padelekhe pani samaj/ samudayama sahi suchana ra gati pradan garne chhemata rakhnu parchha naki bhram srijana garnu. aafu jastai janne sunne aru pani hos bhanne dharanako haamile bikas garnu paryo ni. Rupacha bhailai pani mero maya chha kinabhane tapaile koinch ko laagi dherai garnu bhachha, like ‘koinch Jarnel’ tapaiko aadesh chi maneko hunui parne khalko activity nagarda bes hola,
    chandra dai le pani pustyai didai janu bhaema ramro pakchha ko pakchhaposan garema ramro hune thiyo, perspnally esto bisaya nalinu ramro. lalu ji le ta mannu nai hune chha.

    ani sunuwar/bhujwaar/pritwaar pani jatil nai hunchha hola hamilai bujna ra pachauna tara goralai sajilai hunchha bujna ra update garna . ramro pragati

    sampurna raitarharuma nyano maya.

    kahi nabhako lipi ma dwandwa/ bhasama jhagada/ uttapatti ma dodhaar/ thar ma bibhakta hamrai koinch jaati ma dekhapareko yo jhalak lai hamro bhabi santati le padna paubda ramaune nai chha ra bhabisyama sebbas delan bhagidaarlai.

  • prakash sunuwar:

    sorry I ve written these(above) comments(things) in roman because I find it could be harmful for someone’s progress if I did in English. But its really hard for me to write in Englsih too. But my personal advice is please do something new and better but dont try to prove false things as true. oh Jesus Holy sh-t!

  • kamal sunuwar:

    kirant yele sambat

  • kamal sunuwar:

    sunuwar(koinch) ko baarema maathi saathiharule dherai nai aaggo aaggo bhaera discussion garnu bho , khusi lagchha. discussion garnu ramro ho tara yasto tarika ho bhane pratyakchha bhetma katakat nai hola jasto dekhinchha.

    susesa le 51 saal tira nai yele sambat lai naya barsa kiratko bhanera officially ghosana gareko thaha chha. tyasma duimat chhaina. sunuwar ‘koinch’ haru suryabansi nai hun bhanne kuro sabai buda pakale bhandai aaka chhan, tara library ko kitab ma k lekheko chha thaha chhaina, gaunko kuna kandara ma chai suryabansi bhanchhan.

    ani jaha samma yele sambat ko baarema bhane susesa ka padadhikari harulai dherai thah huna sakchha. ma chandra pani chindina, dr lal pani ani prakash lai pani

    tara ma aafoo sunuwar ‘koinch’ hu bhanne chai thaha chha. kukhuriko ful ki kukhuri paila janme ko bhanera prashna garda dodhar hunchha tyahi dodhar pustakaalayale jaat janmako ho ki jaatko basti basti ma gaera satya tathya sankalan garera bastabik kuralai pustakalayama rakhne kaam bhako ho ? prashna chha tapaiharu sabailai ? uttar chha bhane dinus natrabhane yo para le sunuwar jaatilai batase banauna mildaina … maagikhane bhando banauna milchha yasari ?

    sunuwar le dherai janyo bhane achammai hundo raichha. mai janne ta najanne goru ta bhanna mildaina ni arulai . kukkur birala jhai chhan.
    chandra pustyai garnu paryo… lal chatur hunubhaena
    mero ghar okhaldhunga rageni kei jawaf chha bhane malai sojhai email pathaune

    bujnu bho tapaiharu
    kalankaharu !

    e bhassam lawe.

  • Dear Kamal (of Ragan),

    Tseredum tsilapo?sha curse pasho patikem. Aaike PhD Kiranti-Kõitspikke ne di kongen:

    “…Till today, to my knowledge, Dr CB Sunwar (Chemistry), Dr Laxam Sunuwar (Civil Engineering), Dr BB Mukhiya (Law), Dr Lal Rapacha (Humanities), Dr Nandita Yata(cha) (Japanese Studies) and Dr Titu (Tejkumar) Sunuwar (Religious Studies) have earned their PhDs so far.” (Source: A Kiranti-Kõits Ethnography: The Tribal Fascination of Sikkim, page 25).

    And one more PhD in Environment and Conservation Science is coming soon from North Dakota State University, USA. Her name is Sharmila Gaurocha (Sunwar),

    My dear Kamal, it’s your own personal right to believe and have faith on Bikram and Tikaram Sunuwar’s genealogy mentioning that the Kiranti-Kõits originate from Bhaimawati while she was impregnated by the Sun-rays, thus are known as Suryabamshi, i.e. Hindu. However, scientific studies never prove it to be so. You and our Khalpas’ psychology reflects that of Dharme & Sarme Katicha’s days. You can see it in Muluki Ain how Jange had classified our ancestors into namasine Hindu jaat at the cost of our Kiranti indigenous ethnicity.

    Dear CP,

    Many thanks for your sweet words.
    Time itself will reveal the truth. Please do wait patiently.

  • Bagye sabita:

    Kamal yi Bhasamm lawe aruda modeppa syo ploytem gemiyo ploicha dumba?Yi Turshu,Bhasam lawe,bhasam lawe.

  • Kamalraj Sunuwar:

    Dear Lal,
    Best wishes to all the Phds and congrats. With high effort including yours they can do a lot for a whole society not only for Koinch. As we ve seen vary conflict in vary sector, we have to think over it. But confusion in own koinch caste is also the huge part of problem which trends us back. We need to announce all koinch and other kirat, ‘Let’s go forqard together’. Not only single Phd can play vital role effectively without cooperation of others. Its easy ot criticise but its hard to be a gentle follwer but many thinkers wants to follow you if your job can respect their humors, rights, creations, feelings. So we must have to have a tradition which respect others. However I can see you re trying to do this but not in acceptable way what you have been doing.

    In the matter of chandra’s article you have learn first properly with cool mind and find out which is right or wrong. But you cannot say him personally wrong person. Try to correct and suggest him where he need to. Instead of doing this we have seen that you totally reject his article. Try to be a gentle commenters not act like racist orthodox. If you keep going with nature you will got unaspected danger accident which could harm you. You said, Hindu. You don’t have right to dominate Hindu religion because I am Hindu. Can you tell me what religion you ve follow till today. You are so silly boy. I don’t believe that a Phd owner can act like a foolishman. Do you want to poo where you have to have ? Definetely you do not.

    So probably most of all koinch who ve already faced you respect your Phd honor but not you at all because your nature is to create confusion. please Lal Rapacha don’t try to change my religion, i don’t mind if you do so with yours. You and your opinions are totally horrific.

    Finally, last but not least, remember chandra and you are in the same catagory, you both have unacceptable attitude which can destroy koinch’s real history. That’s a bad thing. You both want to keep yours dictatorship in our sunuwar caste as Nepolian and Hitler. Please don’t suggest us to read articles and books which is totally false.

    I don’t want to see you boths face anymore in any means.

  • chandra:

    Dear kamal ji,
    I don’t know who you are but i respect your view but not as well, can you let me know my mistake?I am just retaliating him who never understand sweet and gentle word.I never write this kind of mean word have you ever seen but the things is he forced me to do.As i said i was founder of yele sambat now all kiranti about to celebrate and country about to recognise.who can deny the truth not even god.He is just jealous and comment like kids you can see yourself.Tell me who pull the leg first?He never want to see any sunuwar coming up apart from him.Now he is trying to prove yele sambat is not created by sunuwar but Bahun or any rai,limbu.As sunuwar he suppose to feel proud and give congratulation.Please kamal ji never ever try to coin me with this kind of mean people.
    He is almost stupid he has hautines of phd but one thing he doesn’t know other people who doesn’t have phd or education also might have [KHANI] of knowledge.I don’t need to clearfy all of you but just giving your answer.He done phd but for what?Still there is no solution and he is just massing,doesn’t have common sense, for him there is 2 sunuwar,2 mukhiya,now making surel to sunuwar ke ke ho ke ke.Do you accept?people write mukhiya there is nothing wrong just spelling mistake but for him 2 mukhiya this man is children just belive me.See below
    How he is identifying sunuwar for others and now how do they address you.confuse,confuse,confuse
    SUNUWAR
    SUNWAR
    MUKHIYA
    MUKHIA
    KOICH
    MARPACHE
    KIRANT
    BHUJWAR
    PRITHWAR
    SUREL
    Tell me kamal ji, what sunuwar are you or i tell you myself, might be surel or prithwar isn’t it?

  • chandra:

    Another thing i never ask you to read my article i don’t know why did you read it?You said dictatorship for sunuwar i never feel i have done so and i am just giving answer only for rapacha not for all sunuwar and specially you kamal.

  • Gettha gettha lase.
    Tsere dumese gau dumese.
    Soishaa phoishaa lase kad hoi aam Kiranti-Kõits wartstsai nimphaa.
    OBE tase Bushmurke raagimi.

  • Prakash Sunuwar:

    Saathiharu ? bhrasta aacharanlai tyagum ki ? brastachhar garera aarthik hinamina garera bides palayan huneharulai haami sampurnale khabardari garnu parchha hai lalu ji. Ani tapai pani maathi janus malai ta chayyiena. nepal mai jagir khanda ta aasha gariena aba gora ko OBE chai tapailai nai – bisam paristhitima pani anabarat ahoratra khttie sunuwarlai uvo launama ashim yogdaan denubhaeko wahako pragyatatalai uchcha mulyankan gardai nepal ko OBE ko laagi sifarish gardachhaum bhanera sifaris garumla ni – tapaikoi laagi. OBE ko matlav chi
    O – Odane (odanko tin khutta hunchha ni tyastai tintirako bichar akkado)
    B – Bhramit (tyo ta tapai ma chhadai chhaina)
    E – Ekka (tapai tasko falas khelda Ekka ko power saraha bastabik jiwanma rakhna khojnu bhaeko le)

    Lalu ji narisaunus la

    yo khale OBE tapailai malai chi bhraschaari le ghotala gareko dekhera nai aghai sake/.

  • Prakash Sunuwar:

    sachi ‘satya katha’ ra ‘tathya katha’ lo HERO lai namaskaar bhandinu la lalu ji mero tarfa bata.

  • Kamalraj sunuwar:

    साइकल चोरले चोर्नु बाहेकको अरु बिद्यामा जतिसुकै ज्ञान हासिल गरेपनि उ गाडी चोर्नुमा निपुण कहाँ हुँदो रैछ र ? आखिर साइकिल नै चोर्दो रैछ, पुरानो साइकिल चोर न पर्यो …. भन्दा कसैकसैलाई मुटुभित्रको दग्दी नबल्झिओस् …. मेरो चाई भन्नु केहि छैन

  • Kamal Raj Sunuwar/Chairman/Minbhawan Campus/5 Feb.
    Kamal Raj Sunuwar Hundreds of Leader-Activists Arrested.
    Eko Raganngaan Kamalraj Kyũiticha parese? Atit or Ishworkiranke murnaamts???
    dopaa gudzil khui pawaa hoi??? khyol paaibat. mame???

  • * What are the costs to communities and society of failing to understand others?
    * Can we reflect on our own assumptions and practice, our shared past and present and imagine and pursue a better future for individuals and

    Key Questions
    * Where and when does difference become an issue?
    * What and where are the sites of conflict or hostility?
    * What are the main points of contention?
    * How can we live with difference?
    * What solutions can we offer?
    * What futures can we imagine?
    he greater collective?

  • * What are the costs to communities and society of failing to understand others?
    * Can we reflect on our own assumptions and practice, our shared past and present and imagine and pursue a better future for individuals and

    Key Questions
    * Where and when does difference become an issue?
    * What and where are the sites of conflict or hostility?
    * What are the main points of contention?
    * How can we live with difference?
    * What solutions can we offer?
    * What futures can we imagine?

  • “…सैगरी अन्य १३ भाषा समूहले ‘राई’ शब्द जातिबोधक नभएकाले भाषिक आधारमा छुट्टै जाति हुनु पर्ने भन्दैआएका छन् । छुट्टै जातिका रूपमा सूचीकृत हुन माग गर्नेमा चाम्लिङ, बान्तवा,लोहोरुङ, बायुङ (बाहिङ), याम्फु, नाछिरिङ, कुलुङ, साम्पाङ, जेरुङ, खालिङ, थुलुङ र आठपहरे छन् । 9 Feb 10, Tuesday, Kantipur Daily

  • Prakash SUNUWAR:

    khas esko churo kahani chi k rachha? pun, thapa, sirish, saru, rana, garbuja, aadi pani magar bata allaggiera chhuttai jaati ma suchikrit hunuparne maag pakkai pani gare holaan. eso herda yiniharule pani Magar lekhdainan tapaile bhane jastai, lalu ji. teso nai hune bhaepachhi haamile pani Sunuwar sabdalai dabai dinu parchha ani tharlai nai jaat bhanum ra tyati khera ‘Dalit’ le ‘Sunuwar’ bhanera lekhechha bhane pani tapaile Human rights ra aru kata kata hamro sunuwar sabdako galat maanchhe le prayog garyo bhanera letter ra bigyapti lekhnai naparne bho. euta jhanjatlai tapaile pani paakhaa ta launa khojnu lagnu bha rachha tyo pani thik chha. madhes ko teli shah le jaat shah lekhda pailako gaddhiwala shah lai pani rish lagthiyo hola, magar le thapa lekhda chhetri lai tauko dujhaibhunthiyo hola, rana magar le rana lekhda shree 3 lai pulthiyo hola , aba chai kholdai khulaundai aaudai chhan bato.

    aafno thar ko ta population jamma 3 saya pani chhaina k ko suchikrit alaggai gar bhannu ? tapaiko Rupacha ko ta janasankhya alik dherai nai hola- kati 30 hazar ko haarahaarima pugla ? jatiya bikashma tewai pugne thiyo. alag alag hunupaako bhae jasto laagchha hola tapailai ho lalu G.

    success hunus hai ani zizich lai pani faltai sanghiya raajyako byastha garera aafno sasan aafai garnu painchha ki kya ho ? achche !

  • SARADA RAI:

    Mota bhanchu yo rai haruko gidi bigriyeko.Yetro mahan sabda rai chodera kata tukra tukra hun man lageko tesaita limbu thulo huna khoji raheko cha.Dhikkar abata rai bhanna pani man lagena.

  • Dear Prakash,
    Thũlan seu patang.

    Many thanks for your zeal in reading regarding our soicioanthropological, cultural, linguistic and other issues with curiosity. I’m really happy that at least I found one real reader in the jungle of “eat, drink and be merry, for tomorrow we die”.

    In appreciation of your readership, I’ve attached some more files regarding such issues in your YahooID. Enjoy reading and please do share with your family members and friends there or all over the world.

    Wishing you all the best.

    Your “one mukka” will a real love for me and I love and welcome that too because at least your are my reader.

  • Prakash SUNUWAR:

    khoi hao lalu G,

    yahoo iD ma kei pani prapta bhaena falata: padna sambhab huna sakiena tyasko laagi khed prakat. kei chhaina.

    tapaiko lekh rachana ra article ko matra hoina ki naamko agadi Dr. lekhna nasakeka writer ko pani lekh ta sarsarti ta hernai paryo ni hoina ra ? herne nai koi bhaena bhane ta feri kuro arkai parla. senimahol rittai ta banaunu kadaiko pani uddesya kaha hunchha ra. senimako bisaya tatha contents haru sandarbhik hunuparyo, samayasamayik hunuparyo, bujhine ra aapasma nabajjine hunuparyo sabai bhanda boring chi hununai bhaena.

    tapaile sarai sunuwar jaatiko research ma thulai DHAAKAR boknu bhachha tara dhaalarma bokeko nun rasiera gantabya ma pugda samma ma dhaakar rittai hunabata jogauna tapaille GHUM odnai parne dekhieko chha. kamsal ghum nachhhannu hola! KHAKAN pani chyappai milaunu hola, Thaploma NAMLO pani tyakkai milaunu paryo. baatoma khane KHATTE BHUTTE ani ERI CHANA pani polto ma bokai parchha ki kaso? BATO pani bhirai bhir chha, JOGGIERA hinnu parchha kinabhane bhirko bato PACHHADI wa TALA farkera tolaera hernu bho bhane feri GARLAMMAI ladnu hola. tapai hideko TWO WAY goreto ma chewaima aai arkole MUNTAUNA pani sakla, KHUTTA ta darai sanga taanne chalan chha tyasko pani hekka ta tapailai awasya pani hola. Mero pani tapailai SUBHAYAATRA ko KAMANA. Tapaiko batoma tagaro halne lai hamile pani paakhaa launa anibarya hunchha. Tara haamilai pani thaha chhaina ki Tapailae DHAAKAR ma BIRENUN boknu bhachhaki, DHIKKE NUN boknu bhachha ki, AAYODIN BIHIN NUN po boknu bhachhaki, bhansaar chhalera CHORIKO NUN po lyaaunu bhaachaaki? AAYO NUN po boknu bhachha ki, INDIA PARADHIN nun po boknu bhaachaaki, TIBBATTI swaadko NUN po boknu bhachha ki, SIKKIME SAHAYOGKo NUN po boknu bhaachha ki, TU ko NUN boknu bhachhaki, GERMANY ko NUN po boknu bhaachha ki. J bhae pani nun nunilo nai hunchha, nunko kaam garchha garchha. NUN khanelai tapaiko DHAAKARko NUN ko barema sahaj dhanga bata kina paskana chahanu hunna ? SAKKALI nun paskanus chakhaunus ani po GALGAND niskindai ta, ki tapaipani GALAGANDE nai ho ?

    j hos tapai paila bhanda haal ma aaera BHAUN BIRUDDHHA ko tapaiko abhiyaan kehi naram hunubhako paiyyeko ma tapailai badhaai, Aadibashi GIDI ma KIRUWA rakta sanchaar pani jwaatta jwaatta inject nagarnu nai bes chha.

    tapaiko safalata ko kamana
    mero tapailai anurodh tetti matra ho khasma,
    tapai j sukai lekhnus tyo tapaiko brammha ma nirbhar parchha. tapaiko bichaar ko anusaran garna tapai ko byakkhya le purnarupma kaam gareko hunasakchha tyasma garba garnus kina dr jasto maanchhe ruera hinnu hunchha. Ani tapaiko kiratolgy lai aajabholi germany batai chalaunu bhaa chha ki k ho ? ki Founder directar bhaera CHYAAP parnu bho ? moz chha moz chha tapaikai , buddi ladaera nai BRASTACHARI haruko jangalma aafulai bhumigat nabanaunus, hunuta tapaiko baato ko disa teta tira ta hoina hola,

    padnai paryo, samaya niskeko bakhat.

  • Prakash SUNUWAR:

    Lalu Mukhe,
    tapailai feri uk ko karyakram ma nimta garyo bhane paukasta garne ki nagarne ? tapaiko nikkai demand bhako chha, yo kuro thaha chha ki chhaina ?

    Lalu Mukhe – yahoo kaam mapasyo mere ekerinu messege soschya maltawo, maraihanaiyyo bldes panen ekerim go chit makahinung iekhoib, mangaanung

    eh ani arko kura naya barsa 2067 anga subhakaman.
    khoita malai disneri pathhaunchhu bhaneko hoina ?

    lohoi lalu mukhe waakdik dumti inke coment ke coment hanesangami

  • ashok sunuwar:

    Prakash sir tapainko galtita dekhdina tara kute pani marnasanna nakutnus hai,jyan mara parla.

  • Prakash SUNUWAR:

    aba agyani lai kitab le kutnu parne ho waha ta bishal sagar nai parnu bho gyaan ko kitable k kutnu ra ! waha baman birodhi bichar wa hindu dharma birodhi abhiyaan lai matra kuchchaune ho ‘mukhle samjhaera’ mukh bhae kaafi, eh prabhu – lalu ji tapai hinduharu ko biruddha ra baman ko khoiro khannu chododinus , tapaile sunuwar ko itihas tyammai khannu bhaacha bhanda , yo tyson ko bhanda daro mukka hunna ra euta Phd gareko manchhelai – ki kaso.

    jenmarne dhamki ta Jamim shah harule garthiyo hola, tini pani chalihaale upar , haami ta k ho ra ?

  • Ranzan Jespucha:

    Thanks for all the hard work and dedication for this article and the Research on Sunuwar History and Culture.
    Keep on rolling

  • BP Koich:

    Dear Koinch, Please discussion & interaction issessential part of life to learn & understand. But the way you discussed & the words you used are really really harmful for Koinch Community itself. So please let’s discuss & interact in healthy manner. Let’s Exchange facts & findings. Be an active for Koinch Unity.

    Thank you!

  • Raj:

    Bp you are genious.

  • Jose Mukhiya(Gurujay B Sunuwar):

    It’s wonderful……
    Keeping origin of Kiranti flourishing ahead to the generations alive……………………………….

    Please let our younger generations also not to extinct our origin, our traditions & cultures……..

    We must Support & Raise the “VOICE of KOINCH KIRANTI.”

    Oh spirit of Heaven & Earth
    Shine Us!, Shine Koinch!

  • Prakash SUNUWAR:

    mitra sabda adarsa bhaepani text ko bhab chor habigat ko chha bhane telle adarsa bahasko sthitilai marchha tyasaile kaalolai kalo nai seto lai seto nai bhanda koi koi bela namitho suninchha
    bises gari lalu lai yo jaos

  • Mani:

    Keep go on koich.

  • karnasunuwar yatacha:

    येले सम्बत कसरी सुरु भयको हो?एसको कथा अथबा कहानी कहाँ हुन्छ यो पाउन पाया हुन्थो साथै सुनुवार बन्दुहरु आफ्नु भाषा बाट पनि पठन र लेखने काम गारौना पाया हुन्थो सुनुवार को लिपि छ भन्छन तर आहिलेसम्मा निकालेको छैन किनहोला ?धन्नेबता आफ्नो कुरा बताउन पाएकोमा

  • padam kumar sunuwar kirati (belayet):

    किराती सुनुवार यी के पालामी लेखा पडा मा बा हनै-यो कोयिने दुर्गा माता कलि १० वोटा गुयु बनेस्यो कारण आम के अमा कलि गेनैयो सुकुयिमी जोल पचा मदुम-ब देस्या मुनु जति तमि ताउ जन्मेसया उति आम के अमा मि तमि त-वो कलि थुल्चा कलि छिटो-छिटो काम पस्या जचा गेसो कारण मि सुनुवार किराती अ अमा कलि १० वोटा गुयु दुर्गा माता भगवान मनेस्यो बतेमे/मुनु पहिला सुनुवार मि काम बिगरेस्या मदे अथवा देचा मन मपावो हन मोको-कलि गयास्या दुर्गा माता देउता थान्मी लायिस्या बके पपायिबतेम मोको यी पालामी मुनु बकेवा पछि नासो मि लोहै अदेस्यो पस्या काम बिगरेवाबात देस्या हाल-ला खल-ला पस्या मि हनुमान धोका-मि अस्योदीन कस्ट-दुख भोगेपचा मालबा देस्या सजाए गेस्यो नु बे-स्यो-नु यो पाप कस्ट मलागे ब ने देस्यो चलन थियो ने/सिनती मुलाती मेको देस्यो अदालत मुनु पद नासो कलि नियाधिस मोको फैस्यो बातेमे लो नेल-लेन मोकों हो तर गो-पुकिमी मोको आम्केंन प्रथा साम्ब गो न बाताया सुकाली गालिपचा मूल/१० टाउके रावन/हनुमान धोका दुर्गा माता देस्यो मारेमे/मलिने यी के ताबा पत्रा देस्यो दुर्गा माता मन्दिर होला देस्यो आके विचार छ/मालिने ताबा पत्रा तेबामे सुनुवार यी के/मोको दुर्गमाता मन्दिर दसैँ मि वर्षा-मि दिनका मात्र खोलेनिमी मोको-यो गो नेल-ले गाउ लस्यो-नु सु लैब मोकोदिन्मी दुर्गामता के दर्सान पचा-कलि गो कोइच मुनु दपा हिसिबा कोइच जात है देस्या सात-ते थियो ने गो कोइच लस्योनु होसिब थियो ने देस्यो नेस्यो मोको पाक-कै दुर्गा माता मन्दिर-न हुनु पर्छ कारण दसैँ मि औलाका ठाडो पैबमी मगर कलि फूलपाती कुर्पपैस्या मोको-के चस्या मात्रा दसैँ सुरु दुम्ब वार्चाई पुकी आके बिचारमी मोको मन्दिर-न हो कोइच कलि तवानु हिसिब मुनु मोकोकेन छ होला कोइच यी के ताबा पत्र है हजुर पुकी आ के साल-ला हो एको मजिने बरु यी-के पुर्खौली लो पु-कि मलिने मरिस्यो काम मपने रिस्या बास्या जाने मुनु यी के पुराने लो पुकी मलिने मुनु थितेने गो आ के आसिर बाद छ थिब बा कोइच कलि/

  • Bishal Sunuwar:

    Dear sir;
    I,m pretty confuse about the truth concerned with histor

  • Bishal Sunuwar:

    I,m pretty confuse as i have over viewed the great arguments between these scholars and reader so what is the common ground or the foundation for trusting in the origin, and history of Koinch People. And this is my humble request to those great scholars would you please kindly use polite language for discussion which would be appropriate and hope that could reflects sense of civilization. We just wanna know what is truth!!!!!!!!!???????? I,m in great Dilemma!!!!! Pliz……..!

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